Grassroots movements

Thiri, Villamayor-Tomás et al., Ecological Economics

How social movements contribute to staying within the global carbon budget: Evidence from a qualitative meta-analysis of case studies

This study by Thiri, Villamayor-Tomás et al. aims to shed light on the diverse contributions of social movements to staying within the global carbon budget, as well as on the specific outcomes and strategies employed in protests against hydrocarbon activities. 

The authors identified a series of different movement strategies and a range of qualitative contributions that support staying within the carbon budget. These include raising awareness of risks and strategies, enhancing corporate responsibility, being informed about policy changes, laws and regulations, fostering just energy transitions, energy democracy, divestment, alternative market solutions, and forcing the postponement or cancellation of targeted hydrocarbon activities. 

While the institutional means are widely used and seem to support policy change and regulation, these strategies are not used to deliver awareness or postponement outcomes. Similarly, while movements tend to rely on civil disobedience to stop hydrocarbon projects in the short term, they rely on multiple strategies to cancel them in the longer term.<...
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A case for the effectiveness of protest
Grassroots movements
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